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Arrest video analysis form

If you were arrested for DUI, your traffic stop and any field sobriety and chemical tests you took were probably videotaped. Your attorney will obtain a copy of the video and review it for evidence that may be helpful to your case. For example, your lawyer will look at the tape to see if the arresting officer followed proper procedures in reading you your rights and in administering field sobriety tests and chemical tests. The video may reveal flaws that can lead to suppression of evidence or reasonable doubt about your guilt. If you performed well on the field sobriety tests, the videotape can rebut the prosecution’s claim that you were intoxicated based on breathalyzer or blood test results.

The form below shows all of the aspects of your arrest video that your attorney will analyze in assessing your case and planning the best strategy for your defense.

Client’s Name: _____________________________Date of Offense: ____________

Phase I: Vehicle in Motion

Video start time: ________________Video end time: ________________

Stop location: __________________________ Accident: Y / N

Less safe charge: ________________________________________________

Where does officer begin to follow client? _______________________

Start time: ________________ Place: ________________________

Initial observations: ____________________________________________

Stop time: ________________

Observation of stop: _____________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Phase II: Personal Contact

First statement by officer: ______________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

First statement to officer by client: ____________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Production of driver’s license and insurance: ____________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Exit of vehicle: _________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Speech: _____________________________ Attitude: __________________

Swaying: Y / N Balance: ____________________________________

Phase III: Pre-arrest Screening

I. Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus

For officer safety, the officer should keep his or her weapon pointed away from the suspect.

Any lights flashing: Y / N Where? __________________________

What direction is suspect placed in relation to flashing lights or lights on the scene?

__________________________________________________________________

Instructional Phase:

“I am going to check your eyes.”

“Keep your head still and follow this stimulus with your eyes only.”

“Keep following the stimulus with your eyes until I tell you to stop.”

Eyeglasses removed: Y / N

Position the stimulus approximately 12-15 inches from the suspect’s nose: Y / N

Position the stimulus slightly above eye level: Y / N

Eyes checked for equal pupil size: Y / N

Resting nystagmus checked: Y / N

Equal tracking (time of test): ___________ Are eyes tracking stimulus together? Y / N

Stimulus moved side to side: Y / N 45-degree angle: Y / N Client swaying: Y / N

Stimulus stopped and held at maximum deviation for minimum of four seconds: Y / N

Length of actual time: _____________________________________

Head held still: Y / N

Vertical gaze nystagmus checked: Y / N

Instructional Phase:

“Keep your head still and follow this stimulus with your eyes only.”

“Keep following the stimulus with your eyes until I tell you to stop.”

Stimulus held 12” to 15” from nose: Y / N

Stimulus held slightly above eye level: Y / N

Head held still: Y / N Client swaying: Y / N

Stimulus held for minimum of four seconds: Y / N

Length of actual time: _____________________________________

II. Walk and Turn

Start time: _________________________ Stop time: ____________

Instructional Phase for Initial Positioning:

“Place your left foot on the line.” Demonstrated by officer: Y / N

“Place your right foot on the line ahead of the left foot, with the heel of the right foot against the toe of left foot.” Demonstrated by officer: Y / N

“Place your arms down at your sides.” Demonstrated by officer: Y / N

“Maintain this position until I have completed the instructions. Do not start until told to do so.”

“Do you understand the instructions so far?”

Cannot keep balance (feet must break apart): Y / N Starts too soon: Y / N

Instructional Phase for Walking Stage:

“When I tell you to start, take nine heel-to-toe steps, turn, and take nine heel-to-toe steps back.”

“When you turn, keep the front foot on the line, and turn by taking a series of small steps with the other foot, like this.”

Demonstrated by officer: Y / N

“While you are walking, keep your arms at your sides, watch your feet at all times, and count your steps out loud.”

“Once you start walking, don’t stop until you have completed the test.”

“Do you understand the instructions?”

“Begin, and count your first step from the heel-to-toe position as ‘One.”’

 

First Nine Steps

Stops while walking: Y / N

Misses heel to toe: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Raises arms: __________________

Steps off line: __________________

Actual steps taken: __________________

Incorrect # of steps: __________________

 

Second Nine Steps

Stops while walking: Y / N

Misses heel to toe: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Raises arms: __________________

Steps off line: __________________

Actual steps taken: __________________

Incorrect # of steps: __________________

Misc Factors:

If wearing heels 2 inches or more: was suspect given opportunity to remove shoes prior to exam? Y / N

Surface Area:

Dry: Y / N Hard: Y / N Level: Y / N Nonslippery: Y / N A safety concern: Y / N

Well lit: Y / N Distracting conditions: Y / N Lots of traffic: Y / N

III. One Leg Stand

Instructional Phase:

“Please stand with your feet together and your arms down at the sides, like this.”

Officer demonstrates: Y / N

“Do not start to perform this test until I tell you to do so. Do you understand the instructions so far?”

Officer confirms understanding with subject: Y / N

Demonstration and Instructions for the Balance and Counting Stage:

“When I tell you to start, raise one leg, either leg, with the foot approximately six inches off the ground, keeping your raised foot parallel to the ground. You must keep both legs straight, arms at your side. While holding that position, count out loud in the following manner: ‘One thousand and one, one thousand and two, one thousand and three,’ until told to stop.”

Demonstrated by officer (for officer safety, officer does not look at his foot) counting “One thousand and one, one thousand and two, one thousand and three, etc.”: Y / N

“Keep your arms at your sides at all times and keep watching the raised foot. Do you understand?”

Officer should acknowledge understanding by subject.

“Go ahead and perform the test.”

Officer should always time the 30 seconds and observe the subject from a safe distance. If the subject places a foot down, the officer should give instructions to “Pick the foot up again and continue counting from the point at which the foot touched the ground.” Always terminate the test at 30 seconds.

Officer gives correct instructions: Y / N

Type of footwear worn: ___________________________________________

Can you see the feet in the video? Y / N

Start time: _________________________Finish time: ________________

Uses arms to balance: Y / N Client holds position: Y / N Balance maintained: Y / N

Swaying: Y / N Hopping: Y / N Puts foot down: Y / N

Counting: ____________________ Speech: ____________________

Balance: ____________________ Slurs while counting: ______________

Doesn’t count: ____________________ Miscounts: _____________

Other: ___________________________________________________________

Comments: ________________________________________________________

Alcosensor taken? Y / N Digital readout on video? Y / N Audio: Y / N

OTHER NON-STANDARD FIELD EVALUATIONS PERFORMED: __________________

__________________________________________________________________

RHOMBERG: ________________________________________________________

FINGER DEXTERITY: ________________________________________________

ABCs: ____________________________________________________________

Time defendant placed under arrest: ______________________________

Nature of immediate conversation: ________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Any custodial issues? ____________________________________________

Implied consent read? ____________________________________________

Appropriate card for age? ________________________________________

BAC: ___________ Time of first test: ___________ Time of second BAC: ___________

REFUSAL: Y / N Or: Insufficient Sample? ____________________

Time first: _________ Time second: _________

INDEPENDENT TEST REQUESTED OR SPOKEN ABOUT? ______________________

__________________________________________________________________

ANY LAPSES IN VIDEO? _____________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

ANY AUDIO PROBLEMS WITH VIDEO? ___________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

DOES THE VIDEO HAVE POOR VISUAL QUALITY? _________________________

ARE THERE OTHER OFFICERS, EMS, OR OTHER WITNESSES IN THE VIDEO? __________

__________________________________________________________________

COMMENTS: ________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

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Drunk Driving Library

Trial strategy
Client Testimony
Cross-examination of the arresting officer on field sobriety tests
Closing Arguments
Frequently Asked Questions
Trial Strategy
Client Testimony
Cross-Examination of the Arresting Officer on Field Sobriety Tests
Closing Arguments
Frequently Asked Questions